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Full text of "The Cambridge Natural History"

HAIRY-EARED RHINOCEROS

257

by  a  much   thicker coat  of  hairs, which  are   sometimes blacker

and sometimes redder. On account of its two horns ifc has
been proposed to separate it from the other Oriental species
into a distinct genus, Ceratorhinus. The animal has much

the same range as the last species, but extends to Borneo.
A. variety of this species with hairy ears, from Assam, has been
separated as a distinct form, under the name of JRh. lasiotis,
by Mr. Sclater. The animal upon which that species was
founded was until quite recently living in the Zoological Society's
Gardens.

There are only two  certainly-known  species of Rhinoceros in
Africa.      These   are  the  White   Rhinoceros   (Hh. sim-us}  and   the

FIG. 132.—Hairy-eared Rhinoceros,     JK.Jimoceros taswtis,     x -3*55-.
P»laolv Uliinoceros {IZ7i. bicornis). The origin of the names Is not
easy to understand, since the " white " animal is, if anything, darker
in colour than the Black Rhinoceros. It is stated, however, that
in past years the specimens of JRh. simus found in the south-west
of Cape Colony were " paler and whiter in colour than those in
the north-east." At present there are no grounds for distinguish-
ing the species by their colour characters. But they are plainly
distinguishable on other grounds. Rhinoceros sitnus has a square
upper lip, and in relation to this crops the herbage upon the
ground. jRJi. Iricornis has a prehensile upper lip projecting beyond
the lower, and in a corresponding fashion feeds principally upon
the branches of shrubs. It has been pointed out by Mr,
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